When it comes to taxation in Pakistan, it is important to understand the concept of third schedule goods. These are also known as Maximum Retail Price (MRP) goods and include everyday items such as shampoos, soaps, and biscuits, where the retail price along with the sales tax is clearly mentioned on the packaging of the product.
The Income Tax Ordinance 2001 has fixed the rate of sales tax to be charged on such goods, which is then paid by the end consumer, i.e., the user of the product. Sales tax is calculated on a value addition basis, which means that each stage in the supply chain, from the manufacturer to the distributor, adds their due amount of sales tax before the final product reaches the end consumer.
However, due to the prevalence of an undocumented economy and a lack of awareness among the population, the government introduced the concept of third schedule goods. This allows the government to secure its recoverable GST even in cases where sales tax is mishandled at any stage by the reseller.
It is important to note that when a manufacturer sells third schedule goods to another manufacturer, they are not liable to charge MRP on those goods. This exemption ensures that manufacturers are not burdened with additional taxes when purchasing goods from other manufacturers.
In conclusion, understanding third schedule goods is crucial for both consumers and businesses in Pakistan. By familiarizing oneself with this concept, one can ensure compliance with tax laws and contribute to the development of a more transparent and documented economy.