A double taxation treaty (DTT) is an agreement between two countries that seeks to avoid double taxation of income earned by residents of one country in the other. DTTs are important for businesses and individuals who operate in multiple countries, as they can help to reduce the amount of tax they have to pay.
Pakistan has DTTs with over 60 countries. These treaties provide a number of benefits for Pakistan, including:
- Increased investment: DTTs can encourage foreign investment by making it more attractive for businesses to operate in Pakistan. This is because DTTs can reduce the amount of tax that foreign businesses have to pay on their income earned in Pakistan.
- Increased trade: DTTs can also encourage trade between Pakistan and other countries. This is because DTTs can reduce the amount of tax that businesses have to pay on their profits from cross-border trade.
- Reduced tax avoidance: DTTs can also help to reduce tax avoidance by multinational corporations. This is because DTTs make it more difficult for corporations to shift their profits to low-tax jurisdictions.
However, DTTs can also have some negative implications for Pakistan’s tax revenue. This is because DTTs can reduce the amount of tax that the government can collect from foreign businesses and individuals.
The impact of DTTs on Pakistan’s tax revenue is difficult to quantify. However, a study by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) found that DTTs can reduce tax revenue by up to 10%.
The government of Pakistan is aware of the potential negative implications of DTTs on tax revenue. However, the government believes that the benefits of DTTs outweigh the costs. The government is committed to negotiating DTTs that are in the best interests of Pakistan.
DTTs are an important tool for Pakistan’s economic development. They can help to attract foreign investment, increase trade, and reduce tax avoidance. However, DTTs can also have some negative implications for Pakistan’s tax revenue. The government of Pakistan is aware of these implications and is committed to negotiating DTTs that are in the best interests of Pakistan.