Depreciation and Amortization – Deductible Expenses

In the intricate world of Pakistani taxes, understanding depreciation and amortization is crucial for accurate reporting and optimizing your tax bill. This guide simplifies these concepts and outlines the key rules for your reference.


  • Method: Pakistan uses the reducing-balance method to calculate depreciation, gradually reducing the asset’s book value over its lifespan.
  • Rates: Different asset types have predetermined depreciation rates, ranging from 10% for buildings to 30% for computer hardware and aircraft.
  • Initial Allowance: New assets (except buildings, certain vehicles, and reused machinery) qualify for a 25% initial allowance in the first year.
  • Tax Depreciation vs. Book Depreciation: You can use different depreciation rates for tax purposes and your internal books.
  • Carrying Forward: Unabsorbed depreciation (deduction not used against income) can be carried forward indefinitely to offset future income. However, for companies with profits exceeding PKR 10 million, only 50% of depreciation can be used in any given year.


  • Eligible Intangibles: Costs related to patents, inventions, software, licenses, and other intangible assets with a lifespan exceeding one year are eligible for amortization.
  • Method: Amortization follows a straight-line method, evenly distributing the cost over the asset’s life, with a maximum of 25 years for uncertain lifespan assets.
  • Self-generated Goodwill and Accounting Adjustments: These are not considered amortizable intangible assets.
  • Carrying Forward: Similar to depreciation, unutilized amortization can be carried forward indefinitely, subject to the same 50% limitation for companies with high profits.

Key Takeaways:

  • Understand the specific depreciation and amortization rates for your assets.
  • Claim your initial allowance on new assets.
  • Utilize tax depreciation and amortization to reduce your taxable income.
  • Be mindful of the annual 50% limitation for high-profit companies.

By navigating these rules effectively, you can minimize your tax burden and maintain accurate financial records. Remember, consulting a tax professional is always recommended for personalized guidance regarding your specific situation.

This rewritten version summarizes the key points about depreciation and amortization in Pakistan using simpler language and a more organized format. It also emphasizes the limitations and potential benefits for businesses.

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