What is Tax Assessment in Pakistan?

Taxation is a system of compulsory contributions to state revenue, levied by the government on people and businesses. Taxes are used to fund government spending on essential services such as education, healthcare, infrastructure, and security.

In Pakistan, the assessment of tax is carried out by the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR). The FBR is responsible for collecting taxes, enforcing tax laws, and ensuring that taxpayers comply with their tax obligations.

The assessment of tax in Pakistan is a complex process that involves a number of steps. These steps include:

  • Registration: All taxpayers in Pakistan are required to register with the FBR. Registration can be done online or at any FBR office.
  • Self-assessment: Once registered, taxpayers are required to file a self-assessment return with the FBR. The self-assessment return is a declaration of the taxpayer’s income and expenses for the previous year.
  • Assessment: The FBR will assess the taxpayer’s self-assessment return and determine the amount of tax that is due. The assessment is based on the taxpayer’s income, expenses, and any applicable tax deductions or credits.
  • Payment: The taxpayer is required to pay the amount of tax that is due within a specified period of time. Payment can be made online, by bank transfer, or at any FBR office.

The assessment of tax in Pakistan is governed by the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001. This ordinance sets out the rules and procedures for the assessment of tax in Pakistan.

The assessment of tax in Pakistan is a two-step process. The first step is the self-assessment process. In this step, the taxpayer is required to calculate the amount of tax that they owe and file a tax return with the tax authorities. The second step is the audit process. In this step, the tax authorities may conduct an audit of the taxpayer’s return to verify the accuracy of the information that they have provided.


The assessment of tax in Pakistan is an important part of the tax system. By ensuring that taxes are assessed fairly and accurately, the government can ensure that it has the resources it needs to provide essential services to its citizens.

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