As the government of Pakistan prepares to implement the Finance Bill 2022, there are significant changes proposed in the sales tax regime. These changes are aimed at boosting the economy, increasing government revenue, and supporting the agriculture sector. In this article, we will discuss the proposed changes in the eighth Schedule involving the items eligible for a reduced rate of sales tax.
Exemption for Local and Imported Tractors
Under the current system, imported and locally supplied tractors fall within the purview of reduced rates of sales tax. However, the proposed changes seek to exempt the supply of local and imported tractors from sales tax. This exemption is a significant boost for the agriculture sector, which relies heavily on tractors for farming activities. The proposed exemption will reduce the cost of tractors, encourage more farmers to purchase tractors, and ultimately improve the productivity of the agriculture sector.
Standard Rate for Locally Produced Coal
Previously, locally produced coal was charged at a reduced rate of sales tax. However, under the proposed changes, locally produced coal will be charged at the standard rate of sales tax, which is currently at 17%. This change aims to increase government revenue and create a level playing field for local and imported coal.
Import of Vehicles
The import of vehicles in completely built-up (CBU) condition is currently taxed at a reduced rate of 12.5%. However, the proposed changes in the Finance Bill 2022 seek to tax the import of vehicles in CBU condition at the standard rate of 17%. This change aims to increase government revenue and promote local vehicle manufacturing.
Standard Rate for Potassium Chloride
The import and supply of Potassium Chloride, which is used in fertilizers, is currently taxed at a reduced rate. However, under the proposed changes, Potassium Chloride will be taxed at the standard rate of sales tax. This change aims to increase government revenue and create a level playing field for local and imported fertilizers.
Sales Tax on Jewelry and Precious Metals
Under the proposed changes, articles of jewelry, precious metal, or metal clad will be taxed at a reduced rate of 3% for local sales and 4% for imported sales. The sales tax at the import stage will be considered final, and no input tax will be claimable for the jewelry supplies. This change aims to increase government revenue and create a level playing field for local and imported jewelry and precious metals.
Sales Tax on Reclaimed Lead
The local supply of reclaimed lead to registered manufacturers of lead and lead batteries will be charged at a reduced rate of 1%. No input tax will be claimable for these supplies. This change aims to promote the recycling of lead and lead batteries and support local manufacturing.
The proposed changes in the sales tax regime under the Finance Bill 2022 aim to increase government revenue, promote local manufacturing, and support the agriculture sector. The exemption for local and imported tractors and the reduced rate for sales tax on jewelry and precious metals are significant boosts for these sectors. However, the standard rate for locally produced coal and the import of vehicles and Potassium Chloride may increase the cost of these goods. Overall, the changes aim to create a level playing field for local and imported goods and promote economic growth.