Not All Profits Get Taxed in Pakistan: A Guide for Foreign Investors and Returning Pakistanis

In Pakistan, profit earned on debt instruments like bonds or bank deposits typically gets taxed. But wait! There’s good news for foreign investors and returning Pakistanis considering debt investments. The government offers exemptions under specific circumstances, making debt investments more attractive.

Understanding Profit on Debt Tax:

  • General Rule: Profits earned on debt instruments in Pakistan are usually subject to tax rates ranging from 15% to 30%.

  • Exemptions for Foreign Investors and Returning Pakistanis: The good news! The government exempts certain categories from profit on debt tax:

    • Foreign Government Agencies: Profits earned by foreign government agencies on debt instruments approved by the federal government are completely tax-free.
    • Approved Non-Resident Individuals: Non-resident individuals or entities specifically approved by the government for this purpose can enjoy tax exemption on profits from approved debt instruments.
    • Foreign Currency Accounts (FCAs): Profits earned on foreign currency accounts held with authorized Pakistani banks by non-resident individuals, associations, and companies are exempt from tax. This includes accounts under the State Bank of Pakistan’s Foreign Currency Accounts Scheme.
    • Rupee Accounts with POC/NICOP/CNIC Holders: Non-resident individuals holding a Pakistan Origin Card (POC), National ID Card for Overseas Pakistanis (NICOP), or a Computerized National ID Card (CNIC) can benefit from tax exemption on profits from rupee accounts. However, there’s a condition: the deposited funds must originate from foreign exchange remitted into the account.

Benefits of Tax Exemptions:

These exemptions incentivize foreign investors and returning Pakistanis to consider debt investments in Pakistan. This can lead to increased foreign currency inflows and contribute to the country’s economic growth. Additionally, it allows returning Pakistanis with overseas earnings to benefit from tax-free returns on their investments.

Important Considerations:

  • Approval Process: Foreign entities seeking tax exemption on debt profits may need to go through a government approval process.
  • Account Restrictions: Exemptions for rupee accounts with POC/NICOP/CNIC holders are linked to specific deposit sources (foreign exchange remittances).
  • Tax Compliance: Even with exemptions, it’s crucial to stay informed about tax regulations and consult with a tax advisor for personalized guidance.


Pakistan’s tax exemptions for profit on debt offer attractive opportunities for foreign investors and returning Pakistanis. By understanding these exemptions and their conditions, you can make informed investment decisions and potentially benefit from tax-free returns on your debt investments in Pakistan.

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