How To File Income Tax Return?

A Comprehensive Guide to Filing Your Income Tax Return in Pakistan

Filing your income tax return in Pakistan can feel like navigating a bureaucratic labyrinth. But fear not, intrepid taxpayer! This guide is your Ariadne’s thread, unraveling the complexities and leading you step-by-step towards a smooth and successful filing experience.

First Things First:

  • Are you eligible? If your annual income exceeds the exemption limit (Rs. 600,000 for individuals in 2024), you must file a return.
  • Gather your documents: Prepare your NTN certificate, salary slips, bank statements, investment details, and any evidence of deductible expenses.
  • Choose your platform: You can file online through Iris (

The Online Odyssey (Iris):

  1. Register or Log In: If you’re a first-time filer, register with your CNIC and NTN. Existing users can simply log in.
  2. Select your return type: Choose “Individual” or “Other” based on your circumstances.
  3. Income Sources: Declare your income from salary, business, rentals, investments, and other sources.
  4. Deductions & Exemptions: Claim permissible deductions for medical expenses, children’s education, charities, etc.
  5. Calculate Tax Liability: Iris automatically calculates your taxable income and tax liability based on your declared income and deductions.
  6. Payment (Optional): If you owe tax, you can pay online through various channels.
  7. Submission: Review your return thoroughly, digitally sign it, and submit it. You’ll receive an acknowledgement receipt.

Navigating the Pitfalls:

  • Deadlines: Be mindful of the filing deadlines (September 30th each year). Late filing attracts penalties.
  • Accurate Information: Don’t misrepresent your income or deductions. Penalties and legal action can follow.
  • Record Keeping: Maintain proper records of income and expenses for future reference and potential audits.
  • Seek Help: Consult a tax professional if you encounter complex situations or require personalized guidance.

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