How to Adjust Tax Losses for Maximum Savings

This article unpacks the complexities of business losses, depreciation, and minimum tax credit in Pakistan, guiding you towards maximizing tax savings.

The Sequence is Key

Understanding the order of adjustments is crucial. Here’s the breakdown:

  1. Business Losses: These losses can be carried forward and adjusted against future profits for up to six years.
  2. Tax Depreciation: Unlike business losses, depreciation doesn’t have a time limit for adjustments.
  3. Minimum Tax Credit: This credit, available for three years, gets exhausted with time.

Optimizing Adjustments

  • Business Losses: Always prioritize adjusting business losses first.
  • Tax Deficit: After exhausting business losses, utilize the tax deficit for adjustments, which has no time limit.
  • Minimum Tax Credit: If the tax deficit doesn’t cover everything, use the minimum tax credit to minimize your tax liability. However, prioritize using it before it expires (usually within three years).


Let’s say your business loss is Rs. 100,000, tax deficit (depreciation) is Rs. 30,000, and minimum tax credit is Rs. 20,000 (available for three years). Your next year’s profit is Rs. 50,000.

  1. Adjust the entire business loss (Rs. 100,000) against your profit, reducing it to Rs. -50,000 (negative profit).
  2. Since you have a negative profit, there’s no need to adjust the tax deficit (Rs. 30,000).
  3. As the minimum tax credit is expiring, use Rs. 50,000 of it to eliminate your negative profit and pay Rs. 0 tax. The remaining credit (Rs. 20,000) can be used in the following years.


By strategically using business loss adjustments, tax deficits, and minimum tax credit in the right order, you can significantly reduce your tax burden and maximize savings. Remember, effective tax planning is key for long-term business growth.

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